This text is a part of the 10 Issues You Ought to Know collection.
1. Baptism is a sacrament.
A sacrament is a covenant signal that’s applicable to the guarantees made by God in his covenant. The tree of life pointed to God because the creator of human life and his promise of everlasting life, the rainbow within the Noahic covenant signified Gods promise that he would by no means once more flood the world, whereas the Passover signified Gods passing over these protected by the sacrificial blood.
2. Baptism is a sacrament of the brand new covenant.
It’s to be administered to all disciples of Jesus (Matt. 28:19-20) and signifies union with Christ (Rom. 6:1-9) and washing from sin (Acts 22:16, 1 Cor. 6:9-11).
3. Baptism ought to be understood within the context of the entire of Scripture.
As a sacrament of the brand new covenant, it represents the achievement of all Gods work of redemption as promised within the Previous Testomony Scriptures.
This single-volume systematic theology seeks to supply a transparent and concise articulation of the Reformed religion, rooted in historic educating whereas addressing present challenges within the lifetime of the church.
4. Baptism primarily refers to what God does, to not what we do.
Sacraments are indicators of the work of God; solely he offers everlasting life, offers atonement for sin, unites us to Christ, and washes away our sins. Gods saving actions are at all times accompanied by the covenantal indicators he prescribes.
5. Baptism is within the new covenant title of the trinity (Matt. 28:19-20, 1 Cor. 6:9-11).
Consequently, it belongs to God, to not the church or any specific denomination.
6. Baptism is integrally related with the loss of life and resurrection of Christ.
Jesus described his loss of life as his baptism (Luke 12:49-50, cf., Matt. 3:13-15). Covenant guarantees entail opposite warnings and so the sacraments are indicators of judgment in addition to blessing. In baptism we’re united to Christ in his loss of life, burial, and resurrection (Rom. 6:1-9) and washed from our sins.
Gods saving actions are at all times accompanied by the covenantal indicators he prescribes.
7. Baptism is inseparably related with the work of the Spirit, inasmuch because the work of Christ and the Spirit is inseparable.
We’re baptized into Christs loss of life and raised to new life; the concept water baptism and Spirit baptism are separable realities entails a dualistic mode of pondering.
8. Subsequently, baptism is related with the start of religious renewal and resurrection (Rom. 6:1-9, 1 Cor. 12:12-13).
9. Baptism is among the 4 religious doorways.
Tony Lane says the 4 religious doorways are repentance, religion, forgiveness of sins, and the present of the Spirit, that are all featured variously within the evangelistic sermons in Acts.
Which means there’s an invariable connection between baptism and religion. Paedobaptists keep that the family continues as the premise of covenantal administration within the New Testomony, in order that toddler offspring of believers are within the covenant of grace (Eph. 6:1-3).
10. Like regeneration, baptism comes on the very begin of the Christian life, as quickly as an individual could be thought-about a Christian.
This doesn’t imply that baptism is the environment friendly reason for regeneration, neither is there any needed temporal order between them (besides within the case of converts), however that they’re linked theologically.
Robert Letham is the creator of Systematic Theology.