A Temporary Information to Biblical Concordances, Pt. 2 https://chrisonet.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/09/56208-1.jpg

In a current publish on biblical concordances, I defined how a concordance is used as a way of finding out Scripture. By utilizing a concordance’s index and discovering the original-language phrase that the English has been translated from, a Bible-reader can come to know the textual content in a deeper method than by merely studying the Bible in English.

A Temporary Information to Biblical Concordances, Pt. 2

With a purpose to hyperlink the original-language phrase to the
corresponding English phrase, concordances use a numbering system that grants
customers important perception into the interpretation course of and clues to the
unique which means.

For instance, in historical Greek, multiple phrase interprets to ‘love’ in English. Agapaō, phileō, storgē—every of those Greek phrases (along with compounds) have completely different connotations which may have an effect on how we perceive sure passages.

Official numbering techniques, like Sturdy’s and Goodrick/Kohlenberger (G/Okay), assign a separate quantity to every completely different original-language phrase so {that a} concordance-user doesn’t need to know Greek (or Hebrew and Aramaic) to concentrate on these variations, and she or he can use them to look phrases up individually.

What’s the distinction between these two widespread numbering techniques?

The Sturdy’s numbering system might be probably the most extensively identified. Constructed beneath the course of James Sturdy within the late 1800s, the primary concordance was an index of each phrase that appeared within the King James Model of the Bible with the original-language entry quantity given beside the English phrase.     

Photo of John R. Kohlenberger III
John R. Kohlenberger III 

Within the late 1970s, John R. Kohlenberger III and his mentor, Edward W. Goodrick, developed a brand new numbering system—created with the New Worldwide Model in thoughts. Utilizing rising applied sciences and software program, the 2 consultants had been able to creating concordances that had been extra exhaustive and correct than most of their predecessors.

The numbering system that got here from their work (sometimes known as the G/Okay numbers) are thought-about extra up-to-date than Sturdy’s (although Sturdy’s has additionally been up to date). Each are nonetheless generally used at this time, typically in tandem or for the sake of comparability.

If you happen to’re thinking about exploring methods in which you’ll be able to delve into original-language nuances on Bible Gateway, the Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testomony translation is a free Greek useful resource on Bible Gateway, and it’s a highly effective device. When studying the Bible with this translation, every Greek phrase is a hyperlink that opens a aspect bar indexing that phrase and defining it. You’ll additionally see each the Sturdy’s and the G/Okay numbers for every entry to make use of as a fast word-study reference.

If you happen to mess around with this and it looks as if enjoyable…that’s as a result of it’s! If you happen to’re new to phrase research or any language-oriented Bible investigation — one thing we at Bible Gateway extremely advocate — we’ve additionally simply scratched the floor.

To be taught extra about find out how to conduct your personal phrase research of the Bible, try our video collection, Bible Phrase Research Made Straightforward: A Dialog with Dr. Invoice Mounce.

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A Temporary Information to Biblical Concordances, Pt. 2