The latest publication of The Oxford Handbook to the Oxford Motion, a complete single-volume information to this 19th-century social gathering and beliefs, has revived a dialogue which is now effectively over a century previous. That dialogue facilities upon the query of what was the unique and ongoing relationship between current evangelical Protestantism and the rising Oxford, or Tractarian Motion. The Oxford Handbook renews consideration of whether or not evangelical Protestantism in its Church of England expression was not a formative or contributing issue within the rise of the opposite motion which radiated outward from Oxford after 1833. What might sound at first look to be a somewhat arcane inquiry concerning the descent of this motion is the truth is something however that. At stake is the essential query of what potential affinity and relationship could be potential between the 2 actions as they live on down to the current. This essay will discover the contested query of interrelationship and draw out some implications of this problem for the current day.
The Two Actions
The “Oxford Movement” was an anti-Erastian tendency inside the Church of England, begun in 1833. In response to Parliaments readiness to cut back by half the variety of dioceses within the Protestant Church of Eire and to abolish conventional confessional “tests” for these looking for to enroll in Englands universities, the motion set about publishing 90 pamphlets (“Tracts” they had been referred to as) exalting the religious independence of their nationwide church by way of an alleged apostolic succession of bishops. Principal individuals on this motion additionally promoted doctrinal and liturgical emphases carefully related to the period of Archbishop William Laud (15731645) and with numerous divines courting from the Restoration-era Church of England. Nineteenth-century Tractarian writers had been broadly construed as maneuvering in the direction of a more in-depth Anglican conformity with Roman Catholicism.
After the departure of John Henry Newman and another early contributors within the motion round 1845 for Roman Catholicism, this “party” continued on as “Puseyism” (taking its identify from the Oxford professor of Hebrew, E .B. Pusey , who was additionally a participant) and nonetheless later as “Anglo-Catholicism,” the identify by which we all know it at the moment. On this latter type, it absorbed two associated teams: a Cambridge-originated motion looking for the reintroduction of pre-Reformation liturgies, and one other that advocated for using Gothic church architecturea fashion then being championed by nobody a lot because the Victorian architect, Augustus Pugin (18121852).